The spectroscopic parameters and decay channels of the axial-vector tetraquark
We construct a new global optical model potential to describe the elastic scattering of 12C. The experimental data of elastic-scattering angular distributions and total reaction cross sections for targets from 24Mg to 209Bi are simultaneously considered below 200 MeV within the framework of the optical model. The results calculated using the derived global optical potential are compared with the existing experimental data. The reliability of the global optical potential is further tested by predicting the elastic scattering data out of the mass and energy ranges, within which the global potential parameters are determined, and reasonable results are also obtained.
The experimental cross sections for the 94Zr(n,d*)93m+gY, 96Zr(n,γ)97Z, 96Zr(n,2n)95Zr, 90Zr(n,α)87mSr, 94Zr(n,α)91Sr,90Zr(n,p)90mY, 92Zr(n,p)92Y and 94Zr(n,p)94Y reactions have been measured in the neutron energy range of 13.5-14.8 MeV by means of the activation technique. The neutrons were produced through the D-T reaction. A high-purity germanium detector with high energy resolution was used to measure the induced γ activities. In combination with the nuclear reaction theoretical models, the excitation curves concerning the above-mentioned eight nuclear reactions within the incident neutron energy range from the threshold to 20 MeV were gained by adopting the nuclear theoretical model program system Talys-1.9. The obtained experimental cross sections were analyzed and compared with the experimental data taken from published literatures and the results calculated by using Talys-1.9. The results show that our experimental results agree with some previous experimental values as well as those of theoretical excitation curve at the corresponding energies, and the theoretical excitation curves obtained can match the experimental data well in general.
In this paper we study the symmetry energy and the Wigner energy in the binding energy formula for atomic nuclei. We extract simultaneously the
Recently a novel four-dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (4EGB) theory of gravity was proposed by Glavan and Lin [D. Glavan and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 081301 (2020)] which includes a regularized Gauss-Bonnet term by using the re-scalaring of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling constant
The heavy quark effective theory vastly reduces the weak-decay form factors of hadrons containing one heavy quark. Many works attempt to apply this theory to the multiple heavy quarks hadrons directly. In this paper, we examine this confusing application by the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter method from phenomenological respect, and give the numerical results for the
Weakly bound states often occur in nuclear physics. To precisely understand their properties, the coupling to the continuum should be worked out explicitly. In a first step, we use a simple nuclear model in the continuum and on a lattice to investigate the influence of a third particle on a loosely bound state of a particle and a heavy core. Our approach is consistent with the Lüscher formalism.
In this article, we study the ground states and the first radial excited states of the flavor antitriplet heavy baryon states
The problem of the flat limits of the scalar and spinor fields on the de Sitter expanding universe is considered in the traditional adiabatic vacuum and in the new rest frame vacuum we proposed recently where the frequencies are separated in the rest frames as in special relativity. It is shown that only in the rest frame vacuum the Minkowskian flat limit can be reached naturally for any momenta while in the adiabatic vacuum this limit remains undefined in the rest frames where the momentum vanishes. An important role is played by the phases of the fundamental solutions in the rest frame vacuum which must be regularized in order to obtain the desired Minkowskian flat limits. This procedure fixes the phases of the scalar mode functions and Dirac spinors leading to their definitive expressions derived here. The physical consequence is that in the rest frame vacuum the flat limits of the one-particle operators are just the corresponding operators of special relativity.
We attempt to clarify several aspects concerning the recently presented four-dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We argue that the limiting procedure outlined in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 081301 (2020)] generally involves ill-defined terms in the four dimensional field equations. Potential ways to circumvent this issue are discussed, alongside some remarks regarding specific solutions of the theory. We prove that, although linear perturbations are well behaved around maximally symmetric backgrounds, the equations for second-order perturbations are ill-defined even around a Minkowskian background. Additionally, we perform a detailed analysis of the spherically symmetric solutions, and find that the central curvature singularity can be reached within a finite proper time.
The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) features a 20 kt multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator sphere as its main detector. Some of JUNO's features make it an excellent experiment for
In this paper, we summarize the existing methods of solving the evolution equation of the leading-twist
We present a dispersive representation of the
In this work, the characteristics of
We revisit the hyperon weak radiative decays in the framework of the non-relativistic constituent quark model. This study confirms the nonlocal feature of the hyperon weak radiative transition operators which are dominated by the pole terms, and an overall self-consistent description of the available experimental data for the Cabibbo-favored hyperon weak radiative decays is achieved. It provides a natural mechanism for evading the Hara theorem, where sizeable parity-violating contributions can come from the intermediate orbital excitations. Cancellations between pole terms also explain significant SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking manifested by the experimental data. We also discuss several interesting selection rules arising from either the electromagnetic or the weak interaction vertices. These features suggest nontrivial relations among different hyperon decays.
The Hawking-Page phase transitions between the thermal anti-de Sitter vacuum and the charged black holes surrounded by quintessence are studied in the extended phase space. The quintessence field, with a state parameter
We investigate the evolution of abundance of the asymmetric thermal Dark Matter when its annihilation rate at chemical decoupling is boosted by the Sommerfeld enhancement. Then we discuss the effect of kinetic decoupling on relic abundance of asymmetric Dark Matter when the interaction rate depends on the velocity. Usually the relic density of asymmetric Dark Matter is analyzed in the frame of chemical decoupling. Indeed after decoupling from the chemical equilibrium, asymmetric Dark Matter particles and anti--particles were still in kinetic equilibrium for a while. It has no effect on the case of s−wave annihilation since there is no temperature dependence in this case. However, the kinetic decoupling has impacts for the case of p−wave annihilation and Sommerfeld enhanced s− and p−wave annihilations. We investigate in which extent the kinetic decoupling affects the relic abundances of asymmetric Dark Matter particle and anti--particle in detail. We found the constraints on the cross section and asymmetry factor by using the observational data of relic density of Dark Matter.
We study the emission of fragments in central collisions of light and heavily charged systems of 40Ar+45Sc and 84Kr+197Au, respectively using Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) model as primary model. The fragments are identified using energy based clusterization algorithm i.e., Simulated Annealing Clusterization Algorithm (SACA). The charge distributions of intermediate mass fragments [3≤
The 12C+12C fusion reaction plays a crucial role in stellar evolution and explosions. Its open reaction channels mainly include
The transonic phenomenon of black hole accretion and the existence of the photon sphere are the characteristics of strong gravitational fields near a black hole horizon. In this work, we study spherical accretion flow onto a general parametrized spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes. For this purpose, we analyze the accretion process of various perfect fluids, such as the isothermal fluid of ultra-stiff, ultra-relativistic, and sub-relativistic types and polytropic fluid, respectively. The influences of extra parameters beyond the Schwarzschild black hole in the general parameterized spherically symmetric black hole on the flow behaviors of the above-mentioned test fluids are studied in detail. In addition, by studying the accretion of ideal photon gas, we further discuss the correspondence between the sonic radius of accreting photon gas and the photon sphere for the general parameterized spherically symmetric black hole. Some possible future extensions of our analysis are also discussed.
We investigate the bulk viscosity of strange quark matter in the framework of equivparticle model, where analytical formulae are obtained for certain temperature ranges and can be readily applied to those with various quark mass scalings. In the case of adopting a quark mass scaling with both linear confinement and perturbative interactions, the obtained bulk viscosity increases by
Scrupulous theoretical study of 8Be nucleus states, both clustered and non-clustered, is performed over a wide range of the excitation energies. The quantities which characterize the degree of the alpha-clustering of these states: spectroscopic factors, cluster form factors as well as the alpha-decay widths are computed in the framework of an accurate ab initio approach developed. Other basic properties of 8Be spectrum: the binding and excitation energies, mean values of the isospin are calculated simultaneously. In the majority of instances the results of the computations turn out to be in a good agreement with the spectroscopic data. A number of predictions are made and corresponding verification experiment is proposed. Prospects of the developed approach for nuclear spectroscopy are demonstrated.
Motivated by the problem of expanding single-trace tree-level amplitude of Einstein-YangMills theory to the BCJ basis of Yang-Mills amplitudes, we present an alternative expansion formula in the gauge invariant vector space. Starting from a generic vector space consisting of polynomials of momenta and polarization vectors, we define a new sub-space as gauge invariant vector space by imposing constraints of gauge invariant conditions. To characterize this sub-space, we compute its dimension and construct an explicit gauge invariant basis from it. We propose an expansion formula in the gauge invariant basis with expansion coefficients being linear combinations of Yang-Mills amplitude, manifesting the gauge invariance of both expansion basis and coefficients. With help of quivers, we compute the expansion coefficients via differential operators and demonstrate the general expansion algorithm by several examples.
The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) proposed as a future Higgs boson factory will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240 GeV and accumulate 5.6 ab-1 of integrated luminosity in 7 years. In this paper, we estimate the upper limit of BR(
We use a geometric model for hadron polarization in heavy ion collisions with an emphasis on the rapidity dependence. The model is based on the model of Brodsky, Gunion, and Kuhn and that of the Bjorken scaling. We make predictions for the rapidity dependence of global
We construct an alternative uniformly accelerated reference frame based on 3+1 formalism in adapted coordinate. It is distinguished with Rindler coordinate that there is time-dependent redshift drift between co-moving observers. The experimentally falsifiable distinguishment might promote our understanding of non-inertial frame in laboratory.
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