2020 Vol. 44, No. 9
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In this study, we investigate the invariant-mass distribution of top-quark pairs near the 2mt threshold, which strongly influences the determination of the top-quark mass mt. Higher-order non-relativistic corrections lead to large contributions, which are not included in the state-of-the-art theoretical predictions. A factorization formula is derived to resum such corrections to all orders in the strong-coupling, and necessary ingredients are calculated to perform the resummation at next-to-leading power. We combine the resummation with fixed-order results and present phenomenologically relevant numerical results. The resummation effect significantly increases the differential cross-section in the threshold region and makes the theoretical prediction more compatible with experimental data. We estimate that using our prediction in the determination of
We investigate in detail the charged Higgs production associated with a W boson at electron-positron colliders within the framework of the Type-I two-Higgs-doublet model (THDM). We calculate the integrated cross section at the LO and analyze the dependence of the cross section on the THDM parameters and the colliding energy in a benchmark scenario of the input parameters of the Higgs sector. The numerical results show that the integrated cross section is sensitive to the charged Higgs mass, especially in the vicinity of
We investigate the strongly coupled minimal walking technicolor model (MWT) in the framework of a bottom-up holographic model, where the global
We evaluate the discovery potential for the heavy Higgs bosons at the LHC energy upgrade with
Recently, a vector charmonium-like state
By studying the
We reduce all the most complicated Feynman integrals in two-loop five-light-parton scattering amplitudes to basic master integrals, while other integrals can be reduced even easier. Our results are expressed as systems of linear relations in the block-triangular form, very efficient for numerical calculations. Our results are crucial for complete next-to-next-to-leading order quantum chromodynamics calculations for three-jet, photon, and/or hadron production at hadron colliders. To determine the block-triangular relations, we develop an efficient and general method, which may provide a practical solution to the bottleneck problem of reducing multiloop multiscale integrals.
Based on the prediction of a
The lifetime of the
We develop a covariant kinetic theory for massive fermions in a curved spacetime and an external electromagnetic field based on quantum field theory. We derive four coupled semi-classical kinetic equations accurate to
The survival probability of an excited compound nucleus was studied using two different approaches of the washing out of shell effects with excitation energy based on a superasymmetric reaction system. The estimated evaporation residue cross sections based on the two different methods are compared with the available experimental data. Both methods are in agreement with the experimental data to a certain extent for some specific reactions and
We studied the chiral magnetic effect in AuAu, RuRu, and ZrZr collisions at
The main purpose of this study is to interpret the possibilities of hybrid star configurations under different phase transition paths and provide a general description of the conditions and features of the different configurations. We assume that there are two possible phase transition paths, i.e., from a nuclear phase to a 2flavor(2f)/3flavor(3f) quark phase directly, or first from a nuclear phase to a 2f quark phase, and then from that phase to a 3f quark phase sequentially. In addition, we consider Maxwell and Gibbs constructions based on the assumption of a first-order transition, which yields multiple configurations of hybrid stars: N-2f, N-3f, and N-2f-3f for a Maxwell construction, and N-2fmix-2f, N-3fmix-3f, N-2f3fmix, and N-2fmix-3f for a Gibbs construction. From the radii analysis of different hybrid star configurations with the same mass of
Neutron–proton momentum correlation functions are constructed from a three-body photodisintegration channel, i.e., core
In this study, we systematically investigate the
Inspired by the availability of recent experimental as well as theoretical data on the energy levels of odd-mass 151-161Pm and odd-odd 154,156Pm, we applied the theoretical framework of the projected shell model to further understand the nuclear structure of these nuclei. The calculations closely reproduced the experimental data reported for the yrast bands of these isotopes by assuming an axial (prolate) deformation of ~0.3. Other properties along the yrast line, such as transition energies and transition probabilities, have also been discussed. Band diagrams are plotted to understand their intrinsic multi-quasiparticle structure, which turn out to be dominated by 1-quasiparticle bands for the odd-mass Pm isotopes and 2-quasiparticle bands for the doubly-odd Pm isotopes under study. The present study not only confirms the recently reported experimental/theoretical data, but also extends the already available information on the energy levels and adds new information regarding the reduced transition probabilities.
In this work, we have performed Skyrme density functional theory (DFT) calculations of nuclei around 132Sn to study whether the abnormal odd-even staggering (OES) behavior of binding energies around N = 82 can be reproduced. With the Skyrme forces SLy4 and SkM*, we tested the volume- and surface-type pairing forces and also the intermediate between these two pairing forces, in the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation with or without the Lipkin-Nogami (LN) approximation or particle number projection after the convergence of HFBLN (PLN). The Universal Nuclear Energy Density Function (UNEDF) parameter sets are also used. The trend of the neutron OES against the neutron number or proton number does not change significantly by tuning the density dependence of the pairing force. Moreover, for the pairing force that is favored more at the nuclear surface, a larger mass OES is obtained, and vice versa. It appears that the combination of volume and surface pairing can give better agreement with the data. In the studies of the OES, a larger ratio of surface to volume pairing might be favored. Additionally, in most cases, the OES given by the HFBLN approximation agrees more closely with the experimental data. We found that both the Skyrme and pairing forces can influence the OES behavior. The mass OES calculated by the UNEDF DFT is explicitly smaller than the experimental one. The UNEDF1 and UNEDF2 forces can reproduce the experimental trend of the abnormal OES around 132Sn. The neutron OES of the tin isotopes given by the SkM* force agrees more closely with the experimental one than that given by the SLy4 force in most cases. Both SLy4 and SkM* DFT have difficulties in reproducing the abnormal OES around 132Sn. Using the PLN method, the systematics of OES are improved for several combinations of Skyrme and pairing forces.
In this study, the scenario of a two-component warm tachyon inflation is considered, where the tachyon field plays the role of the inflaton by driving the inflation. During inflation, the tachyon scalar field interacts with the other component of the Universe, which is assumed to be photon gas, i.e., radiation. The interacting term contains a dissipation coefficient, and the study is modeled based on two different and familiar choices of the coefficient that were studied in the literature. By employing the latest observational data, the acceptable ranges for the free parameters of the model are obtained. For any choice within the estimated ranges, there is an acceptable concordance between the theoretical predictions and observations. Although the model is established based on several assumptions, it is crucial to verify their validity for the obtained values of the free parameters of the model. It is found that the model is not self-consistent for all values of the ranges, and for some cases, the assumptions are violated. Therefore, to achieve both self-consistency and agreement with the data, the parameters of the model must be constrained. Subsequently, we consider the recently proposed swampland conjecture, which imposes two conditions on the inflationary models. These criteria rule out some inflationary models; however, warm inflation is among those that successfully satisfy the swampland criteria. We conduct a precise investigation, which indicates that the proposed warm tachyon inflation cannot satisfy the swampland criteria for some cases. In fact, for the first case of the dissipation coefficient, in which, there is dependency only on the scalar field, the model agrees with observational data. However, it is in direct tension with the swampland criteria. Nevertheless, for the second case, wherein the dissipation coefficient has a dependency on both the scalar field and temperature, the model exhibits acceptable agreement with observational data, and suitably satisfies the swampland criteria.
Quasinormal modes (QNMs) for massless and massive Dirac perturbations of Born-Infeld black holes (BHs) in higher dimensions are investigated. Solving the corresponding master equation in accordance with hypergeometric functions and the QNMs are evaluated. We discuss the relationships between QNM frequencies and spacetime dimensions. Meanwhile, we also discuss the stability of the Born-Infeld BH by calculating the temporal evolution of the perturbation field. Both the perturbation frequencies and the decay rate increase with increasing dimension of spacetime n. This shows that the Born-Infeld BHs become more and more unstable at higher dimensions. Furthermore, the traditional finite difference method is improved, so that it can be used to calculate the massive Dirac field. We also elucidate the dynamic evolution of Born-Infeld BHs in a massive Dirac field. Because the number of extra dimensions is related to the string scale, there is a relationship between the spacetime dimension n and the properties of Born-Infeld BHs that might be advantageous for the development of extra-dimensional brane worlds and string theory.
Banerjee-Ghosh's work shows that the singularity problem can be naturally avoided by the fact that black hole evaporation stops when the remnant mass is greater than the critical mass when including the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) effects with first- and second-order corrections. In this paper, we first follow their steps to reexamine Banerjee-Ghosh's work, but we find an interesting result: the remnant mass is always equal to the critical mass at the final stage of black hole evaporation with the inclusion of the GUP effects. Then, we use Hossenfelder's GUP, i.e., another GUP model with higher-order corrections, to restudy the final evolution behavior of the black hole evaporation, and we confirm the intrinsic self-consistency between the black hole remnant and critical masses once more. In both cases, we also find that the thermodynamic quantities are not singular at the final stage of black hole evaporation.
We study adiabatic regularization of a coupling massless scalar field in general spatially flat Robertson-Walker (RW) spacetimes. For the conformal coupling, the 2nd-order regularized power spectrum and 4th-order regularized stress tensor are zero, and no trace anomaly exists in general RW spacetimes. This is a new result that exceeds those found in de Sitter space. For the minimal coupling, the regularized spectra are also zero in the radiation-dominant and matter-dominant stages, as well as in de Sitter space. The vanishing of these adiabatically regularized spectra is further confirmed by direct regularization of the Green's function. For a general coupling and general RW spacetimes, the regularized spectra can be negative under the conventional prescription. At a higher order of regularization, the spectra will generally become positive, but will also acquire IR divergence, which is inevitable for a massless field. To avoid the IR divergence, the inside-horizon regularization is applied. Through these procedures, nonnegative UV- and IR-convergent power spectrum and spectral energy density will eventually be achieved.
The objective of the present work is to highlight the phenomena of strong gravitational lensing and deflection angle for the photon coupling with the Weyl tensor in a Kiselev black hole. Here, we have extended the prior work of Chen and Jing (S. Chen and J. Jing, JCAP, 10: 002 (2015)) for a Schwarzschild black hole to a Kiselev black hole. For this purpose, the equation of motion for the photons coupled to the Weyl tensor, null geodesic, and equation of photon sphere in a Kiselev black hole spacetime have been formulated. It is found that the equation of motion of the photons depends not only on the coupling between the photons and the Weyl tensor, but also on the polarization direction of the photons. There is a critical value of the coupling parameter,
We solve the condundrum on whether the molecules of the Reissner-Nordström black hole interact through the Ruppeiner thermodynamic geometry, basing our study on the concept of the black hole molecule proposed in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 (2015) 111302] and choosing the appropriate extensive variables. Our results show that the Reissner-Nordström black hole is indeed an interaction system that may be dominated by repulsive interaction. More importantly, with the help of a novel quantity, namely the thermal-charge density, we describe the fine micro-thermal structures of the Reissner-Nordström black hole in detail. Three different phases are presented, namely the free, interactive, and balanced phases. The thermal-charge density plays a role similar to the order parameter, and the back hole undergoes a new phase transition between the free phase and interactive phase. The competition between the free phase and interactive phase exists, which leads to extreme behavior of the temperature of the Reissner-Nordström black hole. For the extreme Reissner-Nordström black hole, the entire system is completely in the interactive phase. More importantly, we provide the thermodynamic micro-mechanism for the formation of the naked singularity of the Reissner-Nordström black hole.
Based on the dynamics of single scalar field slow-roll inflation and the theory of reheating, we investigate the generalized natural inflationary (GNI) model. We introduce constraints on the scalar spectral index
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